Monday February 12th, 2018 16:37 The Case (Study) of Arsenic Life: How the Internet Can Make Science Better

At every step of the way, newer tools for conveying and analyzing science had better results than more traditional methods.The microbe in question (NASA)This weekend brought to a close the year-and-a-half-long …

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    Monday February 12th, 2018 04:32 Impressionism

    Impressionism was a major artistic movement, first in painting and later on in music, that developed primarily in France during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Impressionist painting comprises the work produced between about 1867 and 1886 by a number of artists who shared a set of related methods and techniques. The most noticeable characteristic of Impressionism was an attempt to accurately and objectively record visual actual scenes in terms of transient effects of light and colour. The principal Impressionist painters were Claude Monet, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Alfred Sisley, Berthe Morisot, Armand Guillaumin, and Frédéric Bazille, who worked together, influenced each other, and exhibited together and alsoindependently. Edgar Degas and Paul Cézanne also painted in an Impressionist style for a time in the early 1870s. The established painter Édouard Manet, whose work in the 1860s influenced Monet and others of the group, himself tried the Impressionist style about 1873.

    These artists became bored early in their careers with academic teaching’s emphasis on painting an historical or mythological subject matter with literary or anecdotal overtones. They also rejected the established imaginative or idealizing treatments of academic painting. By the late 1860s, Manet’s art reinforced a new aesthetic—which became a leading force in Impressionist work—in which the importance of the traditional subject matter was downgraded and focus was moved to the artist’s manipulation of colours, tone, and texture as ends in themselves. In Manet’s work the subject became the vehicle for the artful composition of sections of flat colour, and perspectival depth was minimised so that the eye would look at the surface patterns and relationships of the depiction rather than into the illusory three-dimensional space it created. About the same time, Monet was influenced by the innovative painters Eugene Boudin and J.R. Jongkind, who painted fleeting effects of sea and sky by means of highly coloured and texturally varied modes of paint application. The Impressionists also used Boudin’s practice of painting totally out-of-doors while present in the actual scene, instead of finishing up the painting from sketches in the studio, as was the established practice.

    In the late 1860s Monet, Pisarro, Renoir, and their colleagues began painting landscapes and river scenes in which they tried to unemotively record the colours and forms of objects as they showed in daylight at the given time. These artists stopped using the traditional landscape palette of muted greens, browns and grays and began to paint with a lighter, sunnier, more airy palette. They began by copying the play of light on water and the reflected colours of its ripples, trying to copy the manifold and lively effects of sunlight and shadow and of direct and reflected light that they observed. In their efforts to reproduce immediate visible impressions as registered on the retina, they gave up the use of grays and blacks in shadows as inaccurate and used complementary colours instead. More importantly, they learned to paint objects out of discrete flecks and dabs of pure harmonizing or contrasting colour, thereby evoking the broken-hued brilliance and the variations of colour produced by sunlight and its reflections. Forms in the paintings no longer had clear outlines and became softer, shimmering and vibrating in a re-creation of actual outdoor conditions. And finally, traditional formal compositions were abandoned favouring a more casual and less contrived positioning of objects within the picture frame. The Impressionists extended their newfound techniques to paint landscapes, trees, houses, and even urban street scenes and famous buildings such as railroad stations.

    In 1874 the artists held their first show, separate from the official Salon of the French Academy, which had consistently rejected most of their works. Monet’s painting “Impression: Sunrise” (1872; Musée Marmottan, Paris) earned them the initially disdainful name “Impressionists” from the journalist Louis Leroy writing of them in the satirical magazine Le Charivari in 1874. The artists themselves soon adopted the name as descriptive of their intention to accurately convey visual “impressions.” They held 7 subsequent exhibitions, the last in 1886. During that time they continued to develop their own personal and individual styles. All of them, however, affirmed in their work the principles of freedom of technique, a personal rather than a conventional approach to subject matter, and the truthful reproduction of nature.

    By the mid-1880s the Impressionist group began to disperse as each painter increasingly pursued his own aesthetic interests and principles. In a short time, however, it had accomplished a revolution in the making of art, providing a technical starting point for the Post-impressionist artists Paul Cézanne, Edgar Degas, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, and Georges Seurat and freeing all subsequent Western painting from traditional techniques and approaches to subject matter.

    Looking for art canvas or acrylic paint for your impressionist masterpiece? For all you art supplies, including oil paints, contact Discount Art Warehouse today.


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      Sunday February 11th, 2018 16:28 A science news preview of 2012

      What scientific discoveries lie just around the corner?

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        Sunday February 11th, 2018 04:24 New Vatican Institute to Focus on Science and Faith

        A few weeks ago Catholic News Agency reported that had founded a new institute to bridge the gap between science and theology. The executive director for the new Science and Faith Foundation is Father Tomasz Trafny, who was also the point man for the Vatican?s recent partnership with NeoStem, the based pharmaceutical company dedicated to …

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          Sunday February 11th, 2018 04:24 Healthy Halloween Candy from Dental Optimizer – Scientific Breakthrough Instantly Neutralizes Cavity-Causing Bacteria …

          PORTLAND, Ore.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Prevent cavities and tooth decay with candy. Microbiologists at the UCLA identified a specific herbal formula that destroys the bacteria that causes tooth decay and put it into all-natural lollipops.

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            Saturday February 10th, 2018 16:18 Classes return as both sides accept proposals

            Classes will return to normal Monday for students at the Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology as administrators and both bargaining groups have accepted recommendations by the mediator.

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              Saturday February 10th, 2018 04:15 Republicans Against Science

              To hear some of the G.O.P. presidential candidates talk, it would seem as if willful ignorance has become a litmus test.

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                Friday February 9th, 2018 16:10 Chemical Reaction with Steel, Copper, Aluminum and Sulfur

                This is a chemistry experiement involving some cut up steel wool, small pieces of aluminum foil, a small piece of copper wire, a pinch of copper powder from where it was filed and a couple of spoonfuls of powdered sulfur. This was thoroughly mixed then intensely heated with a propane torch. For a complete listing of my videos visit my website at www.kennethengelhardt.net

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                  Friday February 9th, 2018 04:06 EurekAlert! announces the 2012 fellowship recipients for international science journalism in China

                  ( American Association for the Advancement of Science ) EurekAlert!, the global science news service operated by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and its sister site, EurekAlert! Chinese, are pleased to announce five recipients of the 2012 AAAS-EurekAlert! Fellowships for International Science Reporters.

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                    Thursday February 8th, 2018 16:00 ETBU, Panola College to offer new degree

                    MARSHALL — Officials at East Texas Baptist University have agreed to provide a new opportunity for Panola College students to earn a Bachelor of Applied Science degree with a major in university studies and a concentration in business from ETBU.

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